We demonstrate the use of a series of engineered, variable-length de noVo polypeptides to discretely immobilize luminescent semiconductor nanocrystals or quantum dots (QDs) onto functional surfaces. The polypeptides express N-terminal dicysteine and C-terminal hexahistidine residues that flank a variable number (1, 3, 5, 7, 14, 21, 28, or 35) of core â-strand repeats, with tyrosine, glutamic acid, histidine, and lysine residues located at the turns. Polypeptides have molecular weights ranging from 4 to 83 kDa and retain a rigid structure based on the antiparallel â-sheet motif. We first use a series of dye-labeled polypeptides to test and characterize their self-assembly onto hydrophilic CdSe-ZnS QDs using fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET). Results indicate that peptides maintain their â-sheet conformation after self-assembly onto the QD surfaces, regardless of their length. We then immobilize biotinylated derivatives of these polypeptides on a NeutrAvidinfunctionalized substrate and use them to capture QDs via specific interactions between the peptides’ polyhistidine residues and the nanocrystal surface. We found that each of the polypeptides was able to efficiently capture QDs, with a clear correlation between the density of the surface-tethered peptide and the capacity for nanocrystal capture. The versatility of this capture strategy is highlighted by the creation of a variety of oneand two-dimensional polypeptide-QD structures as well as a self-assembled surface-immobilized FRETbased nutrient sensor.